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Alien999 and the WAR / Portal für Wahrheit, geistige Entwicklung und krieger des lichts + feinde der dämonen-herrschaft • Thema anzeigen - Évora - potugal , Capela dos Ossos

Évora - potugal , Capela dos Ossos

Évora - potugal , Capela dos Ossos

Beitragvon Alien999 » Mo 27. Sep 2010, 11:03

Die Gründung der Stadt geht auf die Zeit der römischen Besatzung zurück, der gut erhaltene Diana-Tempel mit seinen monumentalen Säulen zeugt noch heute vom römischen Erbe.

715 wird Évora von den Mauren erobert und mit Burg und Moschee ausgebaut. Im September 1165 erobert Geraldo Geraldes, o Sem Pavor (= Gerald ohne Furcht) durch eine List Évora für König Afonso Henriques . Mit Unterstützung des Ritterordens von Avis werden die Mauren endgültig vertrieben. Dafür macht der Ritterorden Évora 1166 zu seinem anfänglichen Sitz, nennt sich anfangs auch Ritterorden Évora und umgibt die Stadt mit einer Mauer, die noch heute weitgehend erhalten blieb.

Seit dem 12. Jahrhundert lassen sich die portugiesischen Könige in Évora wählen. Ihr Hof in Évora wird durch die Humanisten Garcia und André Resende, den Chronisten Duarte Galvão, den Theaterdichter Gil Vicente, den Bildhauer Nicolas Chanterene im 15. und 16. Jahrhundert zu einem Zentrum des portugiesischen Humanismus.

1559 gründet der Kardinal und spätere König Dom Henrique die Jesuiten-Universität. Évora verliert nach der Annexion Portugals durch Spanien 1580 bis 1637 erheblich an Bedeutung. Mit der Schließung der Universität 1759 durch den Marquês de Pombal verliert Évora endgültig seinen einstigen Rang. 1973 wurde die Universität Évora neu gegründet

The Capela dos Ossos (English: Chapel of Bones) is one of the best known monuments in Évora, Portugal. It is a small interior chapel located next to the entrance of the Church of St. Francis.

The Capela dos Ossos was built in the 16th century by a Franciscan monk who, in the Counter-Reformation spirit of that era, wanted to prod his fellow brothers into contemplation and transmit the message of life being transitory. This is clearly shown in the famous warning at the entrance Nós ossos que aqui estamos pelos vossos esperamos (“We bones, lying here bare, are awaiting your's)

The lugubrious chapel is formed by three spans 18.7 meters long and 11 meters wide. Light enters through three small openings on the left. Its walls and eight pillars are "decorated" in carefully arranged bones and skulls held together by cement. The ceiling is made of white painted brick and is painted with death motifs. The number of skeletons of monks was calculated to be about 5000, coming from the cemeteries that were situated inside several dozen churches. Some of these skulls have been scribbled with graffiti. Two desiccated corpses, one of which is a child, dangle from a chain.

POEM:
Aonde vais, caminhante, acelerado?
Pára...não prosigas mais avante;
Negocio, não tens mais importante,
Do que este, á tua vista apresentado.

Recorda quantos desta vida tem passado,
Reflecte em que terás fim similhante,
Que para meditar causa he bastante
Terem todos mais nisto parado.

Pondera, que influido d'essa sorte,
Entre negociações do mundo tantas,
Tão pouco consideras na morte;

Porem, se os olhos aqui levantas,
Pára...porque em negocio deste porte,
Quanto mais tu parares, mais adiantas.

por Padre António da Ascenção

In English:

Where are you going in such a hurry traveler?
Stop … do not proceed;
You have no greater concern,
Than this one: that on which you focus your sight.

Recall how many have passed from this world,
Reflect on your similar end,
There is good reason to reflect
If only all did the same.

Ponder, you so influenced by fate,
Among all the many concerns of the world,
So little do you reflect on death;

If by chance you glance at this place,
Stop … for the sake of your journey,
The more you pause, the further on your journey you will be.

by Fr. António da Ascenção (translation by Rev. Carlos A. Martins, CC)

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Alien999
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